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Rafael Schiozer

Rafael Schiozer

is a Professor of Finance at FGV-EAESP, and is currently the head of the Accounting and Finance Department and a Brazilian National Research Council (CNPq) fellow. He teaches in graduate and undergraduate programs and supervises MSc and PhD students. His research focuses on financial stability, banking, risks and financial crises and has been published in journals such as the Review of Finance, Journal of Corporate Finance, Journal of Financial Stability and Journal of Banking and Finance. He holds a BA in Business from the University of São Paulo (1999), a MSc in Petroleum Engineering from the State University of Campinas (2002) and a PhD in Business (Finance) from Fundação Getulio Vargas (2006). Rafael was a visiting professor at Copenhagen Business School in 2016/17, and a visiting scholar at the Wharton School of Business – University of Pennsylvania (2013/2014) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2009). He has been a referee for journals such as the Journal of Financial Intermediation, Review of Finance, Journal of Corporate Finance, Journal of Financial Stability, Emerging Markets Finance and Trade and the International Journal of Business and Economics, among others.

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Frederico A. Mourad, Rafael F. Schiozer, Toni R. E. dos Santos: Bank loan forbearance: evidence from a million restructured loans

Forbearance is a concession granted by a lending bank to a borrower for reasons of financial difficulty. This paper examines why and when delinquent bank loans are forborne, using a novel dataset with over 13 million delinquent loans to non-financial firms in Brazil, from which 1.1 million are forborne. Our evidence shows that larger loans are more likely to be forborne, and that the greater the difficulty to seize collateral, the larger the probability of forbearance. Previous forbearances to a borrower are also positively associated to the probability of forbearance, which may be an indicative of loan evergreening. We also show that more than 80% of forbearance events occur in less than four months after a loan becomes more than 60 days past due (after which the bank may no longer accrue interest). Finally, we find that a regulatory rule that forces banks to increase provisions of non-delinquent loans when the same borrower also has a delinquent loan creates incentives for banks to forbear delinquent loans. Because loan evergreening may pose macroeconomic resource allocation problems and forbearance may be used to conceal loan losses, decrease provisions and manage earnings and capital, our findings have implications for the design of regulation and supervisory processes.

Last modified: 2019.09.17.