Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a, chronic skin disease affecting up to 1% of the population in Europe. This study aims to assess the cost-of-illness of HS from a societal perspective in Hungary and to analyze the predictors of costs.
A multicentre, cross-sectional cost-of-illness study was performed among 200 adult HS patients. We evaluated direct medical (physician consultations, inpatient admissions, medical, and surgeries), direct non-medical (transportation and caregiving), and indirect costs (productivity loss).
The mean annual cost-of-illness of HS was €6,791 per patient. The main cost components were productivity loss (53.3%), biological treatment (21.5%), and informal care (9.2%). Patients missed, on average, 26 and 63 days from work annually due to absenteeism and presenteeism, respectively. Male sex, more severe disease, gluteal involvement, and coexisting inflammatory bowel disease were associated with higher direct medical costs, while lower education level and worse quality-of-life outcomes predicted higher indirect costs.
This is the first study to assess both direct and indirect costs in HS patients. HS imposes a substantial burden on patients and society, predominantly arising from productivity loss and biological therapy. Resource utilization data and cost-of-illness estimates provide valuable inputs into cost-effectiveness analyses of health interventions in HS.