In this chapter, we provide information on modern political regimes in Hungary from 1867 on. During the more than 150 years since feudalism was finally overthrown in the mid-nineteenth century, Hungary experienced a slew of regime changes. Although we briefly present all regimes which existed during this period, we focus on five of them investigated in the case study chapters of this volume. Thus, we explore the pre-war proto-parliamentarism of the Dual Monarchy, the traditional authoritarian Horthy regime, the Socialist autocracy led by János Kádár, the post-communist era of liberal democracy, and the illiberal Orbán regime. We present the constitutional-institutional setup, their placement on the democracy-autocracy scale and their party systems. In subsequent chapters, we rely on this classification of regimes in defining their impact on policymaking and policy agenda dynamics.
Molnár, C., & Ring, O. (2021). Hungarian Regimes and Their Institutional Characteristics. In M. Sebők & Z. Boda (Eds.), Policy Agendas in Autocracy, and Hybrid Regimes (pp. 33–62). Palgrave Macmillan; MTMT. https://m2.mtmt.hu/gui2/?mode=browse¶ms=publication;32163600